Sensitivities of Flow and Transport Parameters Using Automatic Differentiation.




The hydraulic complexity of hardrock aquifers with, for example, fast fluid flow in fractures, storage effects in the rock matrix, high contrasts in permeability, and a high spatial variability of structures requires a high standard of experimental and numerical techniques. This paper focuses on the interpretation of tracer tests. The sensitivity of tracer breakthrough curves with respect to flow and transport parameters is analyzed for different model types in order to identify the relevant flow and transport processes. This leads to a better understanding of the system behavior and facilitates the interpretation of experimental results. The technique of automatic differentiation is used to evaluate the sensitivities. The main advantage of this technique is that the sensitivities are calculated without truncation error.