# Preconditioning Jacobian systems by superimposing diagonal blocks.

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## Abstract

Preconditioning constitutes an important building block for the solution of large sparse systems of linear equations. If the coefficient matrix is the Jacobian of some mathematical function given in the form of a computer program, automatic differentiation enables the efficient and accurate evaluation of Jacobian-vector products and transposed Jacobian-vector products in a matrix-free fashion. Standard preconditioning techniques, however, typically require access to individual nonzero elements of the coefficient matrix. These operations are computationally expensive in a matrix-free approach where the coefficient matrix is not explicitly assembled. We propose a novel preconditioning technique that is designed to be used in combination with automatic differentiation. A key element of this technique is the formulation and solution of a graph coloring problem that encodes the rules of partial Jacobian computation that determines only a proper subset of the nonzero elements of the Jacobian matrix. The feasibility of this semi-matrix-free approach is demonstrated on a set of numerical experiments using the automatic differentiation tool ADiMat.